Machine Learning

A Bayesian Nonparametric Method for Clustering Imputation, and Forecasting in Multivariate Time Series

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  • arXiv
    5 pts

    A Bayesian Nonparametric Method for Clustering Imputation, and Forecasting in Multivariate Time Series

    This article proposes a Bayesian nonparametric method for forecasting, imputation, and clustering in sparsely observed, multivariate time series. The method is appropriate for jointly modeling hundreds of time series with widely varying, non-stationary dynamics. Given a collection of $N$ time series, the Bayesian model first partitions them into independent clusters using a Chinese restaurant process prior. Within a cluster, all time series are modeled jointly using a novel “temporally-coupled” extension of the Chinese restaurant process mixture. Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques are used to obtain samples from the posterior distribution, which are then used to form predictive inferences. We apply the technique to challenging prediction and imputation tasks using seasonal flu data from the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention, demonstrating competitive imputation performance and improved forecasting accuracy as compared to several state-of-the art baselines. We also show that the model discovers interpretable clusters in datasets with hundreds of time series using macroeconomic data from the Gapminder Foundation.

    A Bayesian Nonparametric Method for Clustering Imputation, and Forecasting in Multivariate Time Series
    by Feras A. Saad, Vikash K. Mansinghka
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1710.06900v1.pdf

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