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 Classification Driven Dynamic Image Enhancement

 

Convolutional neural networks rely on image texture and structure to serve as discriminative features to classify the image content. Image enhancement techniques can be used as preprocessing steps to help improve the overall image quality and in turn improve the overall effectiveness of a CNN. Exis…


 Spoken Language Biomarkers for Detecting Cognitive Impairment

   

In this study we developed an automated system that evaluates speech and language features from audio recordings of neuropsychological examinations of 92 subjects in the Framingham Heart Study. A total of 265 features were used in an elastic-net regularized binomial logistic regression model to cla…


 Learning compressed representations of blood samples time series with missing data

 

Clinical measurements collected over time are naturally represented as multivariate time series (MTS), which often contain missing data. An autoencoder can learn low dimensional vectorial representations of MTS that preserve important data characteristics, but cannot deal explicitly with missing da…


 Dynamic classifier chains for multi-label learning

In this paper, we deal with the task of building a dynamic ensemble of chain classifiers for multi-label classification. To do so, we proposed two concepts of classifier chains algorithms that are able to change label order of the chain without rebuilding the entire model. Such modes allows anticip…


 HDR image reconstruction from a single exposure using deep CNNs

  

Camera sensors can only capture a limited range of luminance simultaneously, and in order to create high dynamic range (HDR) images a set of different exposures are typically combined. In this paper we address the problem of predicting information that have been lost in saturated image areas, in or…


 Deep Learning for Tumor Classification in Imaging Mass Spectrometry

Motivation: Tumor classification using Imaging Mass Spectrometry (IMS) data has a high potential for future applications in pathology. Due to the complexity and size of the data, automated feature extraction and classification steps are required to fully process the data. Deep learning offers an ap…


 Tracking the gradients using the Hessian: A new look at variance reducing stochastic methods

Our goal is to improve variance reducing stochastic methods through better control variates. We first propose a modification of SVRG which uses the Hessian to track gradients over time, rather than to recondition, increasing the correlation of the control variates and leading to faster theoretical …


 Learning Wasserstein Embeddings

The Wasserstein distance received a lot of attention recently in the community of machine learning, especially for its principled way of comparing distributions. It has found numerous applications in several hard problems, such as domain adaptation, dimensionality reduction or generative models. Ho…


 Finite-dimensional Gaussian approximation with linear inequality constraints

 

Introducing inequality constraints in Gaussian process (GP) models can lead to more realistic uncertainties in learning a great variety of real-world problems. We consider the finite-dimensional Gaussian approach from Maatouk and Bay (2017) which can satisfy inequality conditions everywhere (either…


 Unified Backpropagation for Multi-Objective Deep Learning

  

A common practice in most of deep convolutional neural architectures is to employ fully-connected layers followed by Softmax activation to minimize cross-entropy loss for the sake of classification. Recent studies show that substitution or addition of the Softmax objective to the cost functions of …


 Distributed Deep Transfer Learning by Basic Probability Assignment

Transfer learning is a popular practice in deep neural networks, but fine-tuning of large number of parameters is a hard task due to the complex wiring of neurons between splitting layers and imbalance distributions of data in pretrained and transferred domains. The reconstruction of the original w…


 Multipartite Pooling for Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

We propose a novel pooling strategy that learns how to adaptively rank deep convolutional features for selecting more informative representations. To this end, we exploit discriminative analysis to project the features onto a space spanned by the number of classes in the dataset under study. This m…


 Differentially Private Empirical Risk Minimization with Input Perturbation

We propose a novel framework for the differentially private ERM, input perturbation. Existing differentially private ERM implicitly assumed that the data contributors submit their private data to a database expecting that the database invokes a differentially private mechanism for publication of th…


 Graph Convolution: A High-Order and Adaptive Approach

In this paper, we presented a novel convolutional neural network framework for graph modeling, with the introduction of two new modules specially designed for graph-structured data: the $k$-th order convolution operator and the adaptive filtering module. Importantly, our framework of High-order and…


 Progressive Joint Modeling in Unsupervised Single-channel Overlapped Speech Recognition

 

Unsupervised single-channel overlapped speech recognition is one of the hardest problems in automatic speech recognition (ASR). Permutation invariant training (PIT) is a state of the art model-based approach, which applies a single neural network to solve this single-input, multiple-output modeling…


 Ligand Pose Optimization with Atomic Grid-Based Convolutional Neural Networks

Docking is an important tool in computational drug discovery that aims to predict the binding pose of a ligand to a target protein through a combination of pose scoring and optimization. A scoring function that is differentiable with respect to atom positions can be used for both scoring and gradie…


 On the Statistical Efficiency of Compositional Nonparametric Prediction

In this paper, we propose a compositional nonparametric method in which a model is expressed as a labeled binary tree of $2k+1$ nodes, where each node is either a summation, a multiplication, or the application of one of the $q$ basis functions to one of the $p$ covariates. We show that in order to…


 Discovery Radiomics via Evolutionary Deep Radiomic Sequencer Discovery for Pathologically-Proven Lung Cancer Detection

While lung cancer is the second most diagnosed form of cancer in men and women, a sufficiently early diagnosis can be pivotal in patient survival rates. Imaging-based, or radiomics-driven, detection methods have been developed to aid diagnosticians, but largely rely on hand-crafted features which m…


 Linear Convergence of a Frank-Wolfe Type Algorithm over Trace-Norm Balls

We propose a rank-$k$ variant of the classical Frank-Wolfe algorithm to solve convex optimization over a trace-norm ball. Our algorithm replaces the top singular-vector computation ($1$-SVD) in Frank-Wolfe with a top-$k$ singular-vector computation ($k$-SVD), which can be done by repeatedly applyin…


 Building effective deep neural network architectures one feature at a time

 

Successful training of convolutional neural networks is often associated with sufficiently deep architectures composed of high amounts of features. These networks typically rely on a variety of regularization and pruning techniques to converge to less redundant states. We introduce a novel bottom-u…


 Orientation-boosted Voxel Nets for 3D Object Recognition

Recent work has shown good recognition results in 3D object recognition using 3D convolutional networks. In this paper, we show that the object orientation plays an important role in 3D recognition. More specifically, we argue that objects induce different features in the network under rotation. Th…


 Go game formal revealing by Ising model

Go gaming is a struggle for territory control between rival, black and white, stones on a board. We model the Go dynamics in a game by means of the Ising model whose interaction coefficients reflect essential rules and tactics employed in Go to build long-term strategies. At any step of the game, t…


 Learning to Recognize Actions from Limited Training Examples Using a Recurrent Spiking Neural Model

 

A fundamental challenge in machine learning today is to build a model that can learn from few examples. Here, we describe a reservoir based spiking neural model for learning to recognize actions with a limited number of labeled videos. First, we propose a novel encoding, inspired by how microsaccad…


 Bayesian Group Decisions: Algorithms and Complexity

We address the computations that Bayesian agents undertake to realize their optimal actions, as they repeatedly observe each other’s actions, following an initial private observation. We use iterated eliminations of infeasible signals (IEIS) to model the thinking process as well as the calcul…


 Online Monotone Games

  

Algorithmic game theory (AGT) focuses on the design and analysis of algorithms for interacting agents, with interactions rigorously formalized within the framework of games. Results from AGT find applications in domains such as online bidding auctions for web advertisements and network routing prot…